Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Disappointment in a Success Oriented Society in Death of a Salesman Ã In the play Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, the writer centers around the subject of disappointment in a triumph arranged society. Willy Lowman, a bombed sales rep, is the focal character. WillyÃ¢â¬â¢s destruction is brought about by his faith in the publicity of a general public that just has space for victors. The centrality of this topic, still applicable today, is increased by Miller's skilful utilization of a scope of key methods, including setting, portrayal and imagery. The dramatization centers around the life of a moderately aged sales rep, Willy Lowman, who, at the start of the play is very nearly a mental meltdown. He lives with his venerating however over defensive spouse, Linda, who goes about as a cradle between her better half and their two grown-up children, Biff and Happy, whose relationship with their dad is for all time under strain. The play plots the unfortunate breakdown of a man who can't look up to his ethical obligations in a general public whose bogus qualities append a risky significance to progress as estimated in such transient terms as salary and material belongings. Living as per these qualities implies that disappointment is in like manner characterized in financial terms. The play's setting adds to our comprehension of the hugeness of this subject. Willy Lowman's house is introduced as 'little and delicate appearing', overshadowed by a mass of loft obstructs whose nearness adds to the caught, claustrophobic environment. He causes reference to a period before the develop to of this territory when there were 'two lovely elm trees', presently chop somewhere near the manufacturer and a nursery in which scented wisteria and lilacs blossomed in profusion.Willy whines of the airless quality inside his loft, regardless of... ...ary society. For the present crowd, Willy Lowman stays an impactful figure of disappointment, incompletely because of society's bogus worth framework however somewhat in view of Willy's own failure to stand up to existence with uprightness. Ã Works Cited and Consulted Baym, Franklin, Gottesman, Holland, et al., eds.Ã¢ The Norton Anthology of American Literature.Ã¢ fourth ed.Ã¢ New York: Norton, 1994. Corrigan, Robert W., ed. Arthur Miller.Ã¢ Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969. Florio, Thomas An., ed. Ã¢â¬Å"MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s Tales.Ã¢â¬ The New Yorker.Ã¢ 70 (1994): 35-36. Hayashi, Tetsumaro.Ã¢ Arthur Miller Criticism.Ã¢ Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1969. Martin, Robert An., ed. Arthur Miller.Ã¢ Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1982. Mill operator, Arthur.Ã¢ The ArchbishopÃ¢â¬â¢s Ceiling/The American Clock. New York: Grove Press, 1989. - .Ã Death of a Salesman.Ã¢ New York: Viking, 1965.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Spring - Assignment Example The subjects that spring up in the brain, while tuning in to this piece, can be connected together to frame a nonexistent adventure. The music restores the brain with showy hues and an enthusiastic climate. It populates our creative mind with things that are related with the positive recollections of lives. The ensemble begins with an excellent piece of violins which emits a great deal of young vitality. It invokes a picture of a youngster in the glades. The shady climate and cool wind is charming the consideration of this individual. The individual has nothing at the forefront of his thoughts separated from the feel encompassing him. His past and future are past him at that point. The present is just what concerns him. He has no clue where he originated from and where he will go. Two minutes into the orchestra, a peculiar aggravation appears to move toward that individual. Maybe a few people are tailing him for something that he isn't even mindful of. He astutely escapes from the difficulty and attempts to make sense of why he was being pursued. He at that point appreciates a delicate dinner out in the open. This entire idea stresses the short lived nature of dim intervals in our lives. Whatever the account of this character might be, he just can't relinquish the excellence that encompasses him. The music doesn't educate much concerning the individual however it gives a trace of imperial touch to the character of the individual. It seems as though he left the regal life and every one of its wealth to carry on with the life of a typical man and simply have the option to feel the blood spouting trough his veins. The music advises us that life originates from nature and that there is nothing more excellent than nature. Issues will travel every which way yet one can't neglect to watch and welcome the magnificence and virtue of nature in such a case that he overlooks than maybe nature will neglect to do the equivalent as well. The music represents that such satisfaction can come in the wake of submitting an honorable demonstration regardless of whether it pushes us into difficulty so our hero could have submitted such a demonstration. That would clarify the
Thursday, July 30, 2020
Crazy Day Two of my friends from UCLA are visiting, and we have had a busy first day. They both flew in early this morning, and we spent the whole day walking around the area in the glorious warmth and sunlight that indicates the MIT Weather Machine is gearing up for Campus Preview Weekend (CPW). For the food snobs out there, we had lunch at Legal Seafoods, homemade gelato in Beacon Hill, truffles on Newbury, Trader Joes chips in my suite, and dinner at Figs. In addition, three very notable things happened today: I received season 1 of Greys Anatomy on DVD I went to Wellesley for the first time ever I saw Ben Affleck on the sidewalk! Crazy Day My Wednesday: 9:00 AM Swim Test at the Zesiger (Z) Center. For some reason, I waited until senior year to take the mandatory swim test, but I miraculously passed and am now a teeny bit closer to graduating. 10:00 AM Shower, eat, do homework (and write this) 1:00 PM Attend 15.501: Corporate Accounting lecture 2:30 PM Volunteer at the International Development Network (IDN) Crafts Fair in Lobby 10 Though today is the Crafts Fair, Friday is the International Development Fair itself, which gives MIT students the opportunity to learn about ways that they can become engaged in international development through student groups, non-profit organizations, or academic course offerings in and around MIT campus. Groups and organizations of all types set up booths to display their development projects and enlist the interested students who pass through the fair grounds. The annual Fair is organized by the MIT International Development Network, a community network developed to promote and share information about activities, programs, events and formal academic offerings related to International Development. The Fair is also the flagship event of MITs International Development Week. 3:30 PM Attend Development Lab (D-Lab), whose trips to other countries in January (reread) are partially funded by the Crafts Fair, I believe 5:30 PM Learn more about the MIT-France Program at an info session/reception For undergrads, the MIT-France program offers both internships and study in France opportunities. There could be more programs I dont know about yet, but I will find out tonight! 7:00 PM Attend associate advisor training to improve my advising skills 9:00 PM Start to finish monster 14.05: Macroeconomics problem set Who knows AM Fall asleep dreaming of a Jim and Pam reunion 7:00 AM PE Jogging class with Sam 07 And so the cycle begins again. Theres so much that I want to do (especially now that Im a senior and realize that my time is running out) and keeping up can be hard at times, but I love this place. *Sniff* Not a bad day. P.S. 5 points if you can correctly guess what that quotation references
Friday, May 22, 2020
A literature review of Patients and Families experiences with video telehealth in rural/remote communities in Northern Canada. Rahul Raj Student id # 100806429 Course director: Diane Duff George Brown College, Toronto, Ontario Date of submission: March 02, 2012 Introduction The literature review critically valuates the familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ experiences with video telehealth in rural communities in Northern Canada. Many electronic health care research projects have tested the video teleconferencing in Northern Canada. Diverse methods were tested for patients and families residing in the rural and remote communities. This issue will be structured, reassessed and abridged from the review of research studies conducted byÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Theme 1: Lessening the burden This theme incorporated the facet of having to travel great distances in poor weather conditions while experiencing physical limitations such as pain, fatigue and immobility. Furthermore costs related to travel such as transportation and accommodations were of great concern. The characteristic of not having to travel to receive health care was appreciated. Theme 2: Maximizing support Patients were lauding incredible flexibility of the system to bring both providers and families together form different places. It was noteworthy that the participants valued the fact that the telehealth nurse was present during the visit to provide information to them. The patients were happy to feel the comfort of their home and communicate with the specialists. (Winters Winters 2007) Theme 3: Tailoring specific e-health systems to enhance patient and family needs Patients identified technical and organisational issues that impacted on their experiences during the telehealth visits. These included the characteristics of professional communication using a telehealth technology and the facility of both physicians and nurses to communicate in a caring manner with patients and families. Theme 4: Clinical outcomes In terms of clinical outcomes the Video Telehealth has certainly enhanced the quality of clinical care. Improved communication with nurses and doctors were organised to maximize the patientÃ¢â¬â¢sShow MoreRelatedClinically Related Data in the Healthcare Industry1352 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesscan, MRI scan, Ultrasound, ECG, Dialysis, biopsy equipment etc. The objectives of this smart approach are to make this data useful and productive for analysis and study of health patterns and create statistics. A detailed analysis can help the community to get awareness for improved nutrition and hygiene. Objectives Ã¢â¬ ¢ Perform empirical analysis on the data and determine the forecasting power of the collected data to study health patterns Ã¢â¬ ¢ Create statistics based on the information obtained inRead MoreInformation Systems For An Emergency Department Or Med / Surg Unit1459 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthey require. For a large facility, there may be many departments with different business needs or requirements. In the hospital setting for example, there are many different medical departments as well as the various business function departments. The requirements for an emergency department or med/surg unit may vary greatly from a long term care facility or maternity ward. A hospital also has business function departments such as human resources and finance. 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It meets healthcare technology challenges in Patient management, Cognitive Assessment, Ambulance Trauma management, Anesthesiology, Disease Control, Clinical Assay management, Organ Donors and Tissue management. Novatek applications substantially improve patient care, enhance healthcare processes, while drastically decreasing the costs. As a healthcare solutions provider we bringRead MoreMemoria l Hospital Case Study1449 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction: The Operating Room is known as the Ã¢â¬Å"cash cowÃ¢â¬ in most hospitals. Surgical supply, implants, and instrumentation consume a large percentage of a hospitalÃ¢â¬â¢s annual budget. As a result, proper room utilization with procedures requiring the sterile field of an operating room is essential. Memorial Hospital has over 30 surgical suites and estimates an annual increase of 10 percent in cases; meanwhile they are struggling to keep up with their current volume. While annual volume will continueRead MoreBusiness Analysis Project Management Delivery Development Management1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesensuring proposals are viable. Highly effective leader of teams both on and offshore. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Leading Business Analysis Ã¢â¬ ¢ Project Management Delivery Ã¢â¬ ¢ Development Management Ã¢â¬ ¢ Process Re-Engineering Ã¢â¬ ¢ Quality Assurance Ã¢â¬ ¢ Vendor Management Ã¢â¬ ¢ Operational System Configuration Ã¢â¬ ¢ Test Management UAT Ã¢â¬ ¢ Defining Business Cases Ã¢â¬ ¢ Change Management Ã¢â¬ ¢ Risk Management Compliance Ã¢â¬ ¢ Automating Solutions Ã¢â¬ ¢ Tender Support (RFP/RFTs) Ã¢â¬ ¢ Team Management Ã¢â¬ ¢ Bespoke Development Planning Professional Development:Read MoreMy Grandmother And I Moved From Haiti1554 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbecame a repetitive problem and my grandmaÃ¢â¬â¢s case was not getting any better. If she had the ability to communicate with her provider using her own language, she would have been able to be more expressive about her symptoms and the doctors would have assisted her to her needs. Just like my grandma, many people that speaks little to no English, are having trouble interpreting their medical diagnosis and communicating with their healthcare providers. Analysis According to the 2011 U.S. Census, twenty-one
Saturday, May 9, 2020
What the In-Crowd Won't Tell You About Persuasion Essay Topics New Questions About Persuasion Essay Topics Once you have gathered all of them together, it'll be an excellent concept to analyze them a bit to help the reader make the correct decisions. Clearly, you ought not purposely select a topic that will bore your audience. You still have to make an outstanding bit of writing. So, the best method to compose an amazing persuasive essay is to discover a theme you're familiarized with and wish to share your experience with the reader. An argumentative paper is part of the persuasion. At precisely the same time, it's a wonderful persuasive essay idea. Deciding on the correct topic for a persuasive speech is occasionally not such an easy issue to do as it might seem. You will need to set up facts, possess the confidence and demonstrate the very clear evidence of your private viewpoint to certain phenomenon. There are lots of theories about how to compose such texts and you'll be able to say that all of them have something which is going to be the truth. Prior exposure or knowledge about a specific subject provides better hindsight which may bring far better arguments on the issue. All arguments in persuasive essay ought to be backed up with dependable and trustworthy evidence. Educated people ought to be asked to volunteer as literacy tutors. Unlike topics for middle school or higher school, excellent college topics are somewhat more challenging to discover. All individuals ought to be allowed to receive free high education. You have to know all parts of financial topics when you choose them. Inspiration to make your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn't tough to discover. Make certain there are enough online sources on this issue you've chosen. The search for a very good topic for your psychology essay can be quite frustrating should you not understand where to get started. What You Should Do About Persuasion Essay Topics Starting in the Next Four Minutes Bear in mind which you're attempting to make your audience except a brand-new vision of the issue. At length, bear in mind that a huge portion of being effective in persuasion is the capacity to attract your audience's emotions. Make certain you're really interested in the problem, because otherwise you will have no confidence, which is a signific ant aspect when convincing somebody. If you can select the problem all on your own, it's possible to develop the issue of interest! Introducing Persuasion Essay Topics Use what you read to assist you create some search terms, and to assist you choose your own position. To choose which subject you're likely to discuss, it's crucial to see the complete collection of good persuasive speech topics from the specific area of study. Figure out which of the topics, you currently have a fairly good background on which will make it possible for you to have a relative edge. Do not become scared by them, as it only appears to be difficult, while in practice you will secure a really effortless job, where you just have to consider the topic that you are likely to choose from the range of different persuasive essay topics. If you're thinking about how to compose a persuasive essay, you should know that writing an essay is a complicated approach. In general, you can observe that writing a pe rsuasive essay isn't a brain surgery. Sometimes easy persuasive essay topics are the proper things, for the reason that they are simple to comprehend. So locating the greatest persuasive essay topics is important. There are several intriguing topics that could be become a persuasive essay if you take the opportunity to think about doing it. Students with good attendance has to be rewarded.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Name: Trent C. Thurman Course: HIST C175 Debates Over Immigration Restriction The term immigration refers to moving from your native country and coming to a foreign land for the purpose of a permanent residence and searching for greener pastures. There are several arguments by scholars about immigration restrictions to the United States. We will write a custom essay sample on Debates over Immigration Restriction or any similar topic only for you Order Now They had several similarities supporting immigration restrictions. Prescott Hall, Robert Ward, Frank Wright, Frank Fetter and John Mitchell all argued supporting the immigration restrictions. Immigrants from countries other than the United States came in plenty during the 1900s. They were strong and worked in industries during the industrialization era developing the United States at a very fast rate. The Native American saw that the immigrants were highly valuable and so encouraged more and more immigrants. This led to a high population increase and a growing economy. As this high influx of immigrants continued, some issues emerged. The immigrants didnÃ¢â¬â¢t bring change in political, social economic and educational matters. They were three times as illiterate as the native whites and those living in Massachusetts were twice as illiterate as the natives. They were very illiterate such that they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t see a reason for taking their children to school. Immigrant children were three times as criminals as native Americas. It forecasted that a second generation of immigrants was more objectable to degenerate in future. The immigrants took the jobs of Native Americans but at a very low pay which resulted to cheap labor. The immigrants were very unintelligent, had low vitality and poor physique. They made cheap labor to be very common such that it reduced the standard of living of a worker and led to emerges of poor classes, poor homes and very bad personal customs. It led to socio-economic problems which affected education and charitable institutions. Immigrants were not physically and mentally alert and were unfit for job training. Cheap labor was mainly in railroad, large industries, mining, contractors, and grain growers. They were very arrogant and unskilled such that the towns they lived in were of low standards. They worked as domestic servants in rich Native Americans at very low pay. Illiteracy led to alleged evils on political, social and morals standard of living in communities. The overall effects of a high influx of immigrantsÃ¢â¬â¢ resulted to more negative effects to native America. For America to prosper, they had to improve their own industrial organization, elevate standard of living and limit the number of immigrants by passing a bill restricting immigration. While others argued supporting immigration restrictions to the United States, other scholars argued against the immigrations restrictions. They were Max Kholer, Sulzberger, Willcox, Bailey, Isaac Horwich, Grace Abbot and Jane Adams. They argued claiming that immigration of foreign persons brought a high influx supply of materials of different characters. Immigrants had the free mind to choose on whether to come or not. They had high intelligence, some financial resource and high levels of energy to work. They were industrious, worthy, courageous, family men, liberty- centered and of high integrity. Those arguing for immigration restrictions should remember that the largest employer of external labor was iron and steel industry. Cigar makers had a high numbers of immigrants from Scotland and English Jews. The company that made direct steamship between china and Japan employed external immigrants from china. The Chinese claim to provide materials for constructing railroads, reclaimed swamp, mining, farming, and fruit culture. Immigrants brought up American civilization by working smart and providing intelligent decisions in industrialization sector. They also brought about assimilative influence in the environment, schools, newspapers, political institutions and social places. A census conducted showed that illiteracy wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t found in immigrants but the country they came from and mostly affected their children. In the case of labour, increase in demand led to increase in labour supply, so there is no statistical proof of an oversupply of unskilled labour resulting in displacement of Native Americans by the foreign immigrants. America didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a national system of labour exchange that showed how unemployment is misadjusted on supply to demand and oversupply of labour. From my own point of view, I think the better side is being against the immigration restrictions. They should let immigrants come to a foreign land because he/she carries different, multi- cultural skills and information which have a very positive effect on the native people. It leads to understanding and appreciation of culture, abilities, strengths and weakness of one another. How to cite Debates over Immigration Restriction, Papers
Wednesday, April 29, 2020
Introduction After the end of the Second World War, populations assembled within their nations with great hope of developing their home countries, which had undergone destruction following the aftermath of the war. Emigration and migration activities were part of the events that marked the World War II with powerful states exercising slave trade that displaced cultural communities to form mixed states.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Is it possible to imagine nationalism without the nation? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Nation-building started immediately and the world exponentially started developing into unique world structures characterised by globalisation. Latin American, Europe, and Asian nations have been historically the predecessors of campaigning for nationalism, though quite unsuccessful, following ethical and religious divisions that have proven critical matters over the years. Nationalism can be u nderstood as the conception that a society, state, or nation is the natural political and social appearance of the modern world. Little literature prevails on nation-state and nationalism, hence the poor understanding or misunderstanding surrounding this concept. This essays thus seeks to examine whether it is possible to imagine nationalism without the nation. Meaning of the two terminologies Nationalism Nationalism has become a huge field of study, discourse, and one of the globally controversial concepts with studies seeking to expound the understanding of the concept to reduce the augmenting fury of confusion (Wimmer Schiller 2002). Studying the concept of nationalism is becoming essential in understanding world politics. The historical development of the notion of nationalism streams from the ancient politics that witnessed the dramatic emergence of the French Revolution of 1789 that marked the formation of the first Ã¢â¬Ënation-stateÃ¢â¬â¢ (Spruyt 2002). It was during thi s moment that nationalism, as a global concept, became a powerful idea, thus changing the European states into rising towards nationalism and governing through Napoleonic rules. Nationalism, in its simplest terms, can be expressed as a desire of citizens of a nation to establish and maintain an autonomous political component. According to Tishkov (2000), nationalism generally refers to the creed and intuition streaming from the political dogma that describes the attitude of individuals over their identification and association with a certain nation. A nation Latin America has been the most renowned anomaly in the backdrop of nationalism and hence the term nation itself. The word nation came from the Latin and when it was first introduced, it clearly demonstrated the idea of common blood bonding. From the contemporary literature as elucidated by Lowrance (2012), Ã¢â¬Å"a nation refers to a group of people thought to share a common history, culture or some aspects of identityÃ¢â¬ ( p. 85).Advertising Looking for essay on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A nation entails individuals or nationalists mainly embedded by transnational boundaries and guided by certain political principles, judicial frameworks, and certain religious convictions, but with distinct racial, cultural, and ethnical backgrounds. Defining a nation thus becomes a confronting issue, especially considering the socio-ethnical dimensions and political systems that finally lead to distinguishing nationalism in different perspectives, including civic nationalism and ethnonationalism (Connor 1978). With several racial and ethnical dimensions, a nation can thus mean a community or populace living under certified transnational boundaries bounded by certain statutory and political principles. Quandary in connection between the terminologies Tracing the history and development of the concept of nationalism and its context withi n nations and states have never proved challenging as finding its appropriate definition and its connection with the state or nation. An incessant quandary exists over the concept of nationalism and its relationship with a nation or state, as nationalists themselves within countries differ idiosyncratically and the question is whether there is any interdependence. Despite streaming from Western nations with the French Revolution making the beginning of nation-state politics that nationalism signifies numerous nations, including the European states and Latin American nations themselves, have failed to achieve nationalism. Miller (2006) affirms, Ã¢â¬Å"Lacking the linguistic and ethnic distinctions commonly associated with national identities in Europe or Asia, lacking a secure process of state consolidation, and lacking, too, the economic success of the United States and CanadaÃ¢â¬ (p.201).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Is it possible to imagine nationalis m without the nation? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More A nation can only be distinguished best from its boundary, but not from behaviour of its people, as it is very normal that a nation comprises individuals with different ethnical and racial backgrounds. Researches consider the aspect of nationalism and nation as one of the most challenging, especially when individuals seek to identify the connection prevailing in the two terminologies. As postulated by Connor (1978), Ã¢â¬Å"far more detrimental to the study of nationalism, however, has been the prosperity to employ the term nation as a substitute for that territorial juridical unit, the stateÃ¢â¬ (p. 381). How the practice of interchanging the two terminologies developed over the years is still ambiguous, but the French Revolution and the West politics of the seventeenth century can provide a substantial background. Early literature is crucial in understanding how nationalism gr adually developed, including the terminology Ã¢â¬ËnationÃ¢â¬â¢ as a territorial juridical unit for any state. As noted by Connor (1978), the literature and theories discussed by writings of the early men including Locke are integral in the discussion of nationalism as they always identified people as the forerunners of political power, hence making the state and people almost the same thing. Perhaps the augmenting mental quagmire and failure concerning political practice and theory relating to the practice of a nation and nationalism, inclusive of general and contemporary studies of nationalism, is making it even more challenging to understand the nation-state ideology. As noted by Tishkov (2000), a nation is continuously becoming a powerful symbol in which two forms of social alliances known as polity (the state) and ethnic unit (the people) are confronting to possess as their elite property.Advertising Looking for essay on political sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The question that continues to linger across scholarsÃ¢â¬â¢ minds is whether a nation is the geographical boundaries that differentiate one state from another or the people and the principles, culture, and belief they consider in their life practices. Nationalism is oneÃ¢â¬â¢s perception or conception that he/she belongs to a certain nation and at this point, the issue of patriotism becomes essential while considering whether nationalist can prevail without a nation (Miller 2006). The notion that nationalism has to come first before a nation will also remain debatable. Can nationalism exist without a nation? From the conviction that a nation-state exists when individuals come forth and with anticipated solidarity, unify their nation through nation-building, the question of whether nationalism can prevail without a nation persists (Kuzio 2002). The struggle to build a nation-state has always been in existence with inventors and predecessors of the nationalism concept struggling t o achieve this vision but constantly ending up in dismay. This assertion holds as the messianic nationalists have never believed that human beings are capable of joining their nation in any possible way (Spruyt 2002). Any nation struggling to achieve nationalism through nation-building, including those that consider themselves democratically governed, have always suffered a massive blow towards achieving a nation-state status. Nation-state continues to be applied indiscriminately to all nations within ethicised political systems taking place each successive regime. Brubaker (2004) notes that in some contexts, Ã¢â¬Å"the community imagined as nationalists to a certain nation fail to coincide with the territorial aspects and citizenry of the stateÃ¢â¬ (p.119). Building a nation needs nationalists A nation is, as stated before, a geopolitical area that entails individuals or nationalists mainly embedded by transnational boundaries and guided by certain political principles, judicial frameworks, and certain religious convictions, but with distinct racial, cultural, and ethnical backgrounds (Wimmer Schiller 2002). However, nationalists or people within a nation from an integral basis of the ethnic composition and not the geographical boundary, which is still unclear to many. Nation-building is efforts of nationalists to engage harmoniously in activities that promote impartiality, justice, and peace within their nation (Connor 1978). Formation of laws, governance of people, and community building that result in strengthened nationhood is achievable through contributions of nationalists through the process of civilisation. The actuality beyond this assertion is that a nation entails people and building it requires real patriots or nationalist, all of which are persons still. A nation marred with socio-political and ethnic bias will receive potential challenges when struggling to build a nation-state. In a bid to enjoy equal state rights and privileges once in a n ation-state, it is paramount for all individuals to remain bound to the reality that solidarity in nationalists is critical and viewing one another as individuals who need one another is of importance. Territorial states become nation-states on the basis that state-building and nation-building contain a relatively closer meaning of nation-state building. Spruyt (2002) posit, Ã¢â¬Å"State-building (the attempt to enhance the capacity to rule) and nation-building (the attempt to construct a shared political identity among the subjects of that particular territorial state) thus went hand in handÃ¢â¬ (p. 133). Further importance in acknowledging the essence of people and nation as inseparable entities prevailed in studies throughout literal documentations. One of the noticeable documentations is the conceptions of Tishkov (2000) that a nation is not merely a political entity, but it comprises a system of cultural representations and that people are not only legal citizens of a certai n nation, but also possess critical knowledge on nation-building through the national culture. Why it is impossible to have nationalism without a nation A great excitement over whether nationalism can prevail without the presence of a nation will remain an endless argument whether one is liberal or democratic. From this paperÃ¢â¬â¢s arguments, a nation needs nationalists who are patriotic at building it, and thus, it is impossible to have nationalism without a nation. While arguing on this stand, individuals should understand that a Ã¢â¬Å"nation is a symbolic community and this element accounts for its power to generate a sense of identity and allegianceÃ¢â¬ (Tishkov 2000, p. 629). One is a nationalist when he/she considers her/himself as an individual belonging to a certain nation with all prerequisites needed to become a nationalist, including national identity. This assertion explains why it becomes significantly challenging to develop states bound to individuals cultural d imensions and ethnographic circles (Kuzio 2002). Citizenship is all about considering oneself to be of an origin or currently attached to a certain nation and this aspect happens only when there is a willingness to shift from tribal affinity to associational citizenship. Referring an individual to a certain national background begins with building civic knowledge that makes individuals entitled to beliefs of having a connection with a certain state and the strength of defending patriotism will depend on how individuals feel about their nations (Wimmer Schiller 2002). As denoted earlier, state-building and nation-building are two inseparable things that complement each other in development. State building requires public building and the vice versa and at this point, nation-state building becomes achievable (Spruyt 2002). Building a nation requires patriotism from nationalists and through this aspect, one should concur that it is relatively impossible to have the concept of national ism within the existence of a geopolitical nation itself. However, the role of nationalism in the modern state-building to develop nation-state is downsizing as real nationalism remains anticipation, but not an achievement (Wimmer Schiller 2002). As public building requires patriotism from nationalist, it becomes difficult to imagine nationalism without a nation. Following a survey conducted in 1971, Connor (1978) presented significant evidence that nation-state building signifies the importance of nationalism as well as nation-building. From the survey that included approximately 132 entities considered as states in 1971, the following protracted from this survey. Only 12 (9.1%) states out of the surveyed 132 could remain described as nation-states, twenty-five (18.9) contained a nation accounting for above 90% of the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s total population, but also with minorities. Another 25, accounting to 18.9%, included a nation accounting for approximately 75% and 89%. From the few evidences, it is possible to realise that nation-building has primarily depended on state-building and hence making the two inseparable concepts from theoretical to a practical perspective. From this analysis, Connor (1978) concluded that there are no vital differences between nation and state as no great harm would occur from referring to them as simply nations as they theoretically and practically coincide in their application. No nationalism in nations From the historical development of the concept of nation-state and its political campaign to achieve this form of civilisation, nationalism has been ever challenging to achieve especially considering the prevailing social, cultural, and economic differences that result in the presence of minority population. The forerunners of the nationalism concept, including the Latin Americans, Europeans, and other Asian countries have been anticipating, but not successful in achieving nationalism. The current state compositions include individ uals of diverse racial backgrounds and ethnic origins following the migration activities that have been eminent in the modern decades. Racial and ethnic differences in the western nations have persisted and despite their democratic governance, which they contend so, significantly failed to achieve nationalism. Miller (2006) affirms, Ã¢â¬Å"All these experiences, together with those of black people and other immigrant groups, have led to severe questioning of the official claim that Latin American nations are racial democraciesÃ¢â¬ (p. 204). Nations have become ethnical and they behave more of racial and religious identity rather than region and national identity. Racial Ethnical disparities Nationalism occurs after individuals feel free and have an attitude of relationship with their certain state or nation. This feeling erodes in situations where civilians feel unappreciated, undermined, and living with differences from their statehood. Despite holding significant evidence over their contribution to the development of the nation-state, Latin American states became part of the racial divide in the1960s when the US started nation-building based on racial foundations. The United States itself has been a victim of social aggression, within the nation-state building characterised by racial differences rather than building the nation on civil grounds (Wimmer Schiller 2002). Efforts to build nations on strong civilisation grounds has received substantial challenges following the conviction that different races are battling for the same share of state with each of them claiming as its property. Coupled with globalisation that is racially divided, this aspect seems to generate different perceptions of the state of nationalism as perceived by its practical meaning. The United States and other West nations, including Europe, have been witnessing racial differences that have been marred by political and cultural contributions. Of late, they have witnessed separatist movements resulting from a racial confrontation with the nations divided on perceptions that specific cultural units (whites or blacks) are more important than others in these nations are. Blacks, American Indians, Black Americans, Mexican Americans and other minority group races in the US and other European nations have been fighting for equity and recognition by their governments, claiming of racial partiality, employment favouritism, and political segregation. The United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ immigrants from history to present have experienced prejudice in one way or the other and continuously received unequal treatment in their nation. How would these individuals then consider themselves as nationalist of such countries where prejudice forces them to have a different perception over their connection with their nation? Presumably, this issue will remain a debatable factor when almost every nation contains minority groups. Religious differences Religion is one of the important players o f contemporary global politics as nations are divided on religious grounds. Nationalism has been a controversial concept in determining the context at which nationsÃ¢â¬â¢ politics are becoming largely influenced by the religious issues (Connor 1978). Israel and Palestine are practical examples of nations divided by religious differences, with Israel promising to deliver its civilisation to humankind. The main religions involved in changing global politics that have led to different perceptions against nationalism are the Jews, Christians, and Muslims. As noticed by Brubaker (2004), Ã¢â¬Å"needless to say, this use of Ã¢â¬ËnationÃ¢â¬â¢ excludes Muslims from membership of the nation, just as similar claims to Ã¢â¬ËownershipÃ¢â¬â¢ of the state due to ethnocultural core nation exclude other ethnoreligious, ethnolinguistic, or ethno racial groupsÃ¢â¬ (p. 117). This assertion brings up the question of nation-state with individuals divided into ethnoreligious groups and very d ivided into nation-building. Conclusion Nationalism is all about considering oneself to be connected legally to a nation and having a creed that one belongs to certain ethnic group. Ideally, a nation is more of a political entity and it contains significant consideration of cultural representations. People also are not only legal citizens belonging to a particular nation, but also they are capable of participating in the idea of statehood or nationhood bound to certain national cultures. Building a nation requires oneÃ¢â¬â¢s understanding and love for the state, with aspects of racism and prejudice creating a different perception over nationalism, nation, and nation-state building. Nationalists are the people who remain patriotic to a nation and state-building and thus there cannot be nationalism without the nation. Reference List Brubaker, R 2004, Ã¢â¬ËIn the Name of the Nation: Reflections on Nationalism and PatriotismÃ¢â¬â¢, Citizenship Studies, vol. 8 no. 2, pp. 115Ã¢â¬â 127. Connor, W 1978, Ã¢â¬ËA nation is a nation, is a state is an ethnic group isÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢, Ethnic andÃ Racial Studies, vol. 1 no. 1, pp. 377-400. Kuzio, T 2002, Ã¢â¬ËThe myth of the civic state: a critical survey of Hans KohnÃ¢â¬â¢s framework for understanding nationalismÃ¢â¬â¢, Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 25 no. 1, pp. 20Ã¢â¬â39. Lowrance, S 2012, Ã¢â¬ËNationalism without Nation: State building in Early Twentieth-Century PalestineÃ¢â¬â¢, Middle East Critique, vol. 21 no.1, pp. 81-99. Miller, A Schiller, G 2002, Ã¢â¬ËMethodology nationalism and beyond: nation-state building, migration and the social sciencesÃ¢â¬â¢, Global Network, vol. 2 no. 4, pp. 301-334. Miller, N 2006, Ã¢â¬ËThe historiography of nationalism and National identity in Latin AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢, Nations and Nationalism, vol.12 no.2, pp. 201-221. Spruyt, H 2002,Ã¢â¬â¢The origins, development, and possible decline of the modern stateÃ¢â¬â¢, Annual Review of Political Science, vol. 5, pp. 127- 149. Tishkov, V 2000, Ã¢â¬ËForget the Ã¢â¬ËnationÃ¢â¬â¢: post-nationalist understanding of nationalismÃ¢â¬â¢, Ethnic and Racial Studies, vol. 23 no.4, pp. 625-650. Wimmer, A Schiller, N 2002, Ã¢â¬ËMethodological nationalism and beyond: nationÃ¢â¬âstate building, migration and the social sciencesÃ¢â¬â¢, Global Networks, vol. 2 no.4, 301-334. This essay on Is it possible to imagine nationalism without the nation? was written and submitted by user Cailyn Cruz to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.